The early history of dialysis for chronic renal failure in the united states a view from seattle christopher r blagg x christopher r blagg forty seven years have passed since the first patient started treatment for chronic renal failure by repeated hemodialysis hd at the university of washington hospital in seattle in march 1960 . The kolff brigham kidney had previously passed its practical test under extreme conditions during the korean war dialysis treatment succeeded in improving the average survival rate of soldiers suffering from post traumatic kidney failure and thus won time for additional medical procedures. However it was the dedication and persistence of a number of talented pioneers who pressed ahead against professional oppostion to achieve success first in the treatment of temporary recoverable kidney failure and then permanent renal shut down which made it a success. By the 1950s kolffs invention of the artificial kidney had solved the problem of acute renal failure but it was not seen as the solution for patients with chronic end stage renal disease esrd in mid 20 th century america doctors believed it was impossible for patients to have dialysis indefinitely for two reasons. Learn the history of the national kidney foundation from our early years in 1950 to our new focus in 1960 and and positioned itself as the source for information and support on numerous issues related to kidney disease especially dialysis and transplantation for both patients and professionals prevention and treatment of kidney
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