Gastrointestinal injuries during or after laparoscopic and robot assisted surgery are serious side effects that may occur in addition to urologic and vascular complications the reported incidence of bowel injury is approximately 13 per 1000 cases 6 . Anesthesia complications laparoscopy pathophysiological changes robotic surgery urologic surgery introduction minimally invasive surgery is now being applied more and more frequently in urology practice as it is in other surgical sciences. With contributions from recognized urologic experts in mis complications of laparoscopic and robotic urologic surgery fills this need by familiarizing the modern urologist with the common and the more eccentric complications of laparoscopic and robotic urologic surgery. From the simple to the complex complications of urologic surgery 5th edition by drs samir s taneja and ojas shah complications following laparoscopic robot assisted radical prostatectomy 31 complications of minimally invasive reconstruction of the upper urinary tract. Although laparoscopic and robotic surgeries are guided by the same surgical principles as open surgery they are inherently different from conventional surgery the major difference is that laparoscopic surgery uses a video camera to visualize a three dimensional surgical field on a two dimensional monitor
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