Note citations are based on reference standards however formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study the specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher classroom teacher institution or organization should be applied. 9 endoscopic evaluation of the lower urinary tract geoffrey w cundiff alfred e bent diagnostic indications include hematuria lower urinary tract symptoms urinary incontinence urethral diverticula and urogenital fistulas endoscopy is useful in the diagnosis of the post renal conditions including neoplasms of the bladder and . A urinary tract infection uti is an infection in any part of your urinary system your kidneys ureters bladder and urethra most infections involve the lower urinary tract the bladder and the urethra women are at greater risk of developing a uti than are men infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying. Lower urinary tract symptoms can be caused by different conditions ranging from benign overactive bladder or urinary tract infections to serious bladder cancer the lower urinary tract refers to the bladder the urethra the tube that transports urine from the bladder out of the body and in men the prostate gland
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